Use of different spectrum
5G and 6G use wireless spectrum of higher range for data transmission faster than 4G, 3G, and 2G networks. Low band and high band frequencies – sub-6 GHz (Gigahertz) and above 24.25 GHz respectively are allocated generally for 5G. However, 6G will be operative at the frequency range 95 GHz to 3 THz (Terahertz).
Faster than 5G technology
Taking into the performance factor, 6G will contribute to higher performance which is far better than newly deployed 5G wireless networks. Operating at terahertz frequency bands, 6G will deliver a peak data rate of 1,000 gigabits/s having air latency less than 100 microseconds. 6G speed is expected to be 100 times faster than 5G with enhanced reliability and wider network coverage.
6G wireless accelerates IoT after 5G
Internet of Things (IoT) is becoming a reality today with the implementation of 5G based solutions following extensive 5G network testing which was not possible with previous networks like 4G LTE due to poor planning of frequencies applied. Frequencies used were too narrow and crowded for transmitting data required by smart devices to give desired results. This is where 5G filled in the gap and moving ahead with 6G we expect to connect ten times more devices per square kilometer with increase in number of connected devices in the upcoming years.
Low latency in both G’s
The time taken by a packet of information transmitted over a frequency is known as latency. 4G networks had a latency of about 50 milliseconds (ms) whereas 5G networks had ten times lower latency than 4G i.e., 5ms. With 6G internet, latency will slip down to range 1millisecond to 1microsecond, lowering latency to five times than that of fifth-generation network making massive data transmissions possible in less than a second.